About São Tomé
São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe,
is a small Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Africa.
The Democratic Republic of Sao Tomé consists of two islands:
The island São Tomé and the island Príncipe, both located off the northwestern coast of Gabon.
Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range.
São Tomé, the sizable southern island, is situated just north of the equator.
It was named in honour of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who happened
to arrive at the island on his feast day.
São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African country in terms of population
(the Seychelles being the smallest).
It is the smallest country in the world that is not a former British overseas territory,
a former United States trusteeship, or one of the European microstates.
It is also the smallest Portuguese-speaking country.
São Tomé is 50 km (31 mi) long and 32 km (20 mi) wide and the more mountainous of the two islands.
Its peaks reach 2,024 metres (6,640 ft). Príncipe is about 30 km (19 mi) long and 6 km (4 mi) wide.
Swift streams radiating down the mountains through lush forest and cropland to the sea cross both islands.
At sea level, the climate is tropical—hot and humid with average yearly temperatures of about 27 °C (80.6 °F) and little daily variation. The temperature rarely rises beyond
32 °C (89.6 °F). At the interior's higher altitudes, the average yearly temperature is
20 °C (68 °F), and nights are generally cool.
Annual rainfall varies from 5,000 mm (196.9 in) on the southwestern slopes to 1,000 mm (39.4 in) in the northern lowlands.
The rainy season runs from October to May. - (informations from wikipedia.org)